Drone Regulations in Germany

Drone Regulations in Germany

As Germany is an EU member, all drone operators in Germany are required to follow the rules established by EASA (the European Union Aviation Safety Agency). Apart from the EASA regulations, Germany also has regulations that are country-specific.

General Drone Rules in Germany

You must
1. Have special authorization to fly a drone with maximum take-off weight (MTOM) above 5 kg.
2. Have special authorization to fly at night.
3. Drones with MTOM (Maximum Take Off Mass) > 2 kg require a proof of qualification for the pilot from an authorised entity.
4. Drones with MTOM > 250 grams require a fireproof, permanent label with owner name and address attached at a visible place on the drone.
5. Keep direct visual contact with the drone.
6. Remain 1.5 km away from aerodromes.
7. Respect controlled airspace and no-fly zones.
8. Have insurance (unless your drone is below 250 grams, or falls under the EU Toys Directive).
9. Respect the privacy of other people.

You must not
1. Have special authorization to fly a drone with maximum take-off weight (MTOM) above 5 kg.
2. Fly over 100 meters above ground, except in model-aircraft premises with permit.
3. Fly above residential premises, with a drone of a MTOM > 250 grams or a payload capable of receiving, transmitting or storing optical or acoustic data, without the (beneficial) owner(s) having given their consent.

Registration

Registration as an operator in Germany is only possible via the online form (German only) provided by the Federal Aviation Office (LBA) and is subject to a fee. The fee per registration is 20.00 euros for natural persons and 50.00 euros for legal persons.
There are information/documents required for operator registration.

Where to Fly

1. Drones may not fly above 100 meters (328 feet) without a permit. In controlled airspace, the maximum altitude allowed is 50 meters (164 feet).
2. Drones may not be flown within 1.5 kilometers (0.93 miles) or closer to an airport.
3. Drones may not be flown over crowds, industrial areas, disaster areas, prisons, residential areas, certain traffic routes, and several other areas designated as sensitive.
4. Drones may not be flown above and at a lateral distance of 100 meters from federal highways, federal waterways, and railway facilities.
5. Drones may not be flown over nature conservation areas protected under the Federal Nature Conservation Act.
6. Drones that are able to record/transfer optical, acoustic, or radio signals are forbidden over residential areas unless the owners have agreed to the flight.

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